The Humvee In Military History And Culture

The Army needed a new vehicle to haul around its troops. Top brands were all cranking up models to meet the needs.

The winner was the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV; colloquially known as Humvee). It largely replaced roles performed by original jeeps, their ambulance, and utility versions. Check out Military Humvee For Sale near you.



The military Humvee, also known as the HMMWV and the Hummer, grew out of necessity. The Army’s previous general-purpose vehicles were outmoded and not versatile enough to handle the changing nature of war. In the 1970s, the Army requested a new vehicle design that would meet demanding standards. The Army decided to choose HMMWV, which was nicknamed “Humvee” due to its hulking size and rugged appearance.

The Humvee was a huge success and soon replaced many of the other trucks in the military, from cargo vehicles to ambulances. The HMMWV could be modified to suit different tasks, with additions such as machine gun turrets and low-altitude air defense systems. Its rugged, all-terrain construction meant that it could easily negotiate rough terrain and was also suitable for use in urban conflict scenarios.

In the 1990s, they adapted the Humvee for civilian use, introducing the Hummer H1. This large, attention-grabbing vehicle was a hit with celebrities and became an icon of macho culture. It weighed about 8,000 pounds and got less than 10 miles per gallon, but its sturdy, attention-grabbing nature made it an instant hit with people who wanted to prove their manhood.

Humvees continued to serve in the military until they were eventually usurped by more advanced MRAP vehicles that could better withstand mines and ambushes. Today, however, Humvees are still used in a variety of roles and can be seen on the roads all over the world.

Almost every modern fighting force has some form of the Humvee in their arsenal, from local police departments to Navy SEALs. It is not unusual to see a Humvee in a parking lot, either, as the vehicle has become a symbol of the country’s military might. It has also been a fixture in many recent global conflicts, from Operation Desert Storm to the ongoing war in some countries. As such, it is a true military legend.


Throughout modern warfare, the Armed Forces have used a variety of motorized vehicles. Among them are the weird armored cars of World War I, the jeeps of WWII, and the more advanced Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP) of today. However, the Humvee is perhaps the most recognizable to the public. The vehicle has been on the front lines of nearly every conflict since 1989 and is still in use around the globe. It has conquered mud, sand, rocks, and snow and has been the backbone of the Army’s wheeled fleet. It has evaded detection by enemy forces and carried injured soldiers to safety. It has also helped take out enemy tanks. Perhaps no other military vehicle represents the Army as well as the Humvee.

Known officially as the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or HMMWV, the Humvee was first created by the company in 1979. The company won a contract to design the vehicle after other companies submitted prototypes. Originally, the military wanted a light-duty utility vehicle that was capable of traversing rough terrain. Its body was designed to be easily modified for different missions, and it could carry a wide range of weapons.

The Humvee is a great example of how the military takes advantage of commercial technologies. The military was able to build an off-roading vehicle that was similar to popular consumer 4x4s at the time, and it added features like an onboard heater to keep the occupants warm during winter. It also included a rear air conditioning unit to cool the interior in hot weather.

Over the years, a variety of Humvee variants have been developed. They can be customized for a specific mission, from cargo and troop transport to ambulances. They can be equipped with everything from mounted machine guns to wire command-guided anti-tank missiles. They can even tow artillery, like the M119 howitzer.

In addition to its military uses, the Humvee is a popular civilian vehicle. Civilians can purchase the vehicles through government surplus auctions. They can also be purchased on consignment, which means that they may have already been properly inspected and registered by the previous owner. Although the military has replaced many Humvees, the Humvee will always be a military icon.


The original military vehicle that gave rise to the Humvee is the HMMWV or High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle. It was the replacement for the aging brand that had served in the military for decades. The Army sought a vehicle that would be able to carry a large variety of weapons and could perform several different types of missions. After testing and revisions, the Army chose the HMMWV from the company. This vehicle was given the Hummer name by soldiers, and it became a cultural icon.

While the HMMWV did well in desert conditions during Operation Just Cause and during the initial assault on forces in the Gulf War, it proved its mettle when it became the main ground transport vehicle. It’s this conflict that helped establish the Humvee as a global symbol of power and aggression.

With the onset of the War on Terror, however, the Humvee had to take a back seat to more sophisticated asymmetric warfare. Its aluminum body was paper thin against small arms fire and roadside improvised explosive devices. It was also a poor choice for cramped, urban streets that made it a prime target for ambushes.

Despite these challenges, the Humvee remains a key component of the modern military’s fleet. It’s used by troops around the world and is a familiar sight during operations in some countries. It has also inspired a plethora of civilian adaptations.

The company continues to make Hummer-based vehicles for a wide range of military applications. They also partner with international defense contractors to develop versions for other nations. One modification is used for surveillance, reconnaissance, escort, and troop carrier duties while the other is equipped with an armored turret to protect against light anti-tank weapons.

Interestingly, the HMMWV is still in service with the military, even though the Pentagon is phasing it out. The new Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) has better armor, a more powerful engine, and better off-road handling. The JLTV is a more versatile vehicle that can handle the same types of missions as the Humvee, but it’s faster and gets much better fuel economy.

Final Words

After a few decades on the battlefield, it’s safe to say that the Humvee has earned its keep. This rugged, funny-looking military vehicle has conquered mud, sand, rocks, snow, and even the ocean floor. It’s pulled trailers down the highway and evaded detection in the desert. It’s been dangled from CH-53 helicopters, taken to the seas with Marine Expeditionary Units, and even jumped continents in transport aircraft. But now it’s time to pass the torch. The Humvee is being replaced by a new model called the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, or JLTV. But while the JLTV is a better off-roader, the Humvee has a lot going for it as well.

It all started in 1979 with a request from the Pentagon for a true do-anything workhorse that could replace multiple vehicles and handle modern warfare. The military had been using other civilian off-the-shelf 4×4 trucks, but they weren’t up to the task. These trucks rumbled across rough terrain but didn’t have enough cargo space for all of the equipment that service members needed.

In response, the company began design work on the HMMWV in July 1980 and had the first engineering prototypes ready for testing two years later. Despite its silly name, the Pentagon was wowed by the H1 and snatched up 55,000 of them immediately.

But in the years that followed, it became clear that the Humvee wasn’t suited to combat against asymmetrical armies like the ones it would face. It was a great vehicle for whisking soldiers and Marines over wide expanses of sand but failed miserably in the cramped streets of cities. And while the aluminum body of the Humvee might have been able to shrug off small arms fire, it couldn’t take on roadside improvised explosive devices or rocket-propelled grenades.

To make its military vehicles more effective, the Pentagon decided to add armor to them. Adding armor to a Humvee increases its load capacity and makes it more resistant to damage, but it also adds weight and reduces fuel efficiency. This was a big deal in the era of high gasoline prices and growing environmental concerns. So, the Pentagon decided to create a new variant of the Humvee that had both armor and increased fuel economy.

Plumbing Basics For Plumbers

Plumber Woodland Hills are responsible for the installation, repair and maintenance of plumbing systems. These systems take away waste water, provide hot and cold water, and regulate indoor climate through pipes, valves and fixtures.


Plumbers need to have critical thinking skills in order to solve problems and come up with effective solutions. They also need physical strength and stamina to carry heavy loads and work in tight spaces.

A test-cock is a small valve used to draw water or air from a larger valve for testing purposes. It is typically found on backflow preventer assemblies as a way to test the pressure inside the device without having to take apart the entire thing.

Generally, a backflow preventer has two test-cocks: one on the inlet side of the device and one on the outlet side. The test-cocks can be opened and closed using a special tool (not included). We sell these handle-less valves that can easily be operated with an independent custom wrench. They are tamper resistant and work with Deringer or Magnum devices.

They are also commonly used as isolation valves for gauges and equipment lines. They are lead free and meet SDWA requirements.

Pressure Gauge

The pressure gauge is an important instrument in backflow testing. It helps determine whether the air ports and check valves are opening when they’re supposed to, preventing backflow of water or gases. It also tests the water taps and air hoses for pressure changes, which are often a sign of a faulty valve. Using the gauge, a technician can see whether the pressure is rising or falling. If it is rising, the valve will need to be replaced. If it is falling, the valve is functioning properly.

Pressure Gauges are self-contained indicators that convert detected pressure into mechanical motion of a pointer, which can be either analog or digital. They are used to monitor and display process pressure, and can be installed as part of the control system on a vessel, offshore rig or industrial plant. These instruments are widely used in chemical/petrochemical, power generation, oil & gas, mining and on/offshore applications. They are available in a variety of designs to suit different application requirements, and a number of factors like the operating pressure range, dial size, environment, accuracy, and medium type have to be taken into consideration.

Bourdon tube gauges are the most commonly used, and they are available in a wide range of sizes, types, and specifications to cater to various applications and industries. Their operating principle is based on the fact that a flattened, circular tube tends to straighten and re-gain its circular form in cross-section when pressurized (think party horn). The change in cross section is magnified by forming the tube into a C shape or even a helix, and this is what allows these devices to measure gauge pressure, which is relative to atmospheric pressure.

Other types of pressure gauges use other principles to measure pressure. Hydrostatic gauges (like the mercury column manometer) compare pressure to the hydrostatic force per unit area at the base of a column of fluid. Piston-type gauges counterbalance the pressure of a fluid with a spring or solid weight (for example, a tire or an air-pressure gauge of comparatively low accuracy). Piston-type pressure gauges have good dynamic response but are susceptible to leakage and calibration problems.

Gate Valve

The gate valve is a component of a backflow prevention system that protects pipes from backflow by blocking reverse flow. This prevents the introduction of pollutants and hazardous substances into your plumbing infrastructure. This device is essential to ensuring that your backflow testing system functions properly, and it’s important to understand its function in order to properly manage your water.

The structure of the gate valve is a straight, cylindrical or slightly tapered structure with threaded or flanged connections on either end. It serves as the housing for the valve components and the flow path for the fluid. It is operated by the valve handle or operating mechanism, which consists of a valve stem, a gate plate and the valve seat. The valve seat is the contact point between the gate and the valve disc, which allows or restricts the flow of fluid. The gate disc is a flat or wedge-shaped component attached to the valve seat, and it is raised or lowered by the valve stem using the operator’s hand wheel.

A gate valve has a long service life and is easy to maintain. It’s also an excellent choice for low pressure applications and has a lower operating torque than ball valves, allowing for easier operation. In addition, the resilient seal minimizes leakage and reduces wasted water. It also has a smooth flow path, which minimizes head loss and improves system efficiency.

There are several causes of gate valve failure. Sediment buildup can prevent the valve from closing fully, and corrosion can lead to a broken seal. In addition, the design and valve size can play a role in gate valve performance.

When a gate valve fails, it’s best to turn off the water supply and drain the pipe before performing repairs. It’s also a good idea to heat up the valve joints and stem with a torch before attempting to remove or replace the valve. You can then use channel locks to separate the valve body from the handle stem and seating. Once the valve is removed, it’s important to clean any atmospheric deposits from the valve stem threads and apply 3-in-one or penetrating oil before tightening the packing nut and screw.

Relief Valve

The Relief Valve or safety valve is the last line of defense to prevent catastrophic damage from a backflow event. It operates to discharge water prior to flow reversal, whether it is caused by backpressure or by backsiphonage, so that it is not trapped in the system. It is the one piece of equipment in a backflow assembly that is most likely to fail due to wear and tear, fluid or environmental conditions, and incorrect operation. A quality pressure relief valve can be designed from a wide variety of materials to handle different temperatures, chemical conditions, and applications. Brass, plastic, aluminum, and a wide range of grades of stainless steel are common choices.

Once the inlet shut off valve is opened and backflow testing is underway, plumbers hook up test hoses to open and close gate and relief valves on their tester. They also read the gauges on their tester to determine if there are any areas with low pressure or air ports that are not opening as they should.

The #1 Check valve is responsible for preventing backflow, but as the pressure in the system increases it will push past the #1 check and increase Zone pressure until it reaches the pressure of the #2 check seat (for example 98 PSI) or the relief valve opening point (2 PSID). As this happens, the #1 Check Valve will become more compressed with a higher disc compression, causing the Relief Valve to open and allow the high pressure water to flow out through the bleeder port into the end-user’s plumbing.

Conventional spring loaded pressure relief valves use a disc that rests on the valve seat until pressure reaches a threshold where it is overcome by the spring tension, lifting the disc to open the valve. Modern versions of this type of valve, known as Bellows Assisted Pressure Relief Valves, feature a mechanism that balances the impact of system pressure on the disc to ensure it only opens when there is an actual increase in system pressure not just back pressure.

If the Relief Valve is not opening at the required minimum pressure, it could be caused by a variety of factors such as debris lodged between the #2 Check valve seat and sealing disc or the components are damaged. The other cause of a low Relief Valve opening point is an obstruction in the Relief Valve stem mechanism such as a restriction in the guide or corrosion which causes the relief valve stem to not travel optimally leading to a lower pressure point than desired.